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But just how can you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a very creative way I like to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to participate in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. Whatever you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds simple, right
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Obviously, this guessing is done by your PC. The more powerful your computer is, the more guesses you can create in one second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to figure correctly, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the ideal guess, your mining system determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents your moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with your solution, is sent to the entire network so other computers can validate it. Its a bit similar to a Rubiks cube: The solution is very hard to achieve but very easy to validate.
3. Every computer that validates your solution updates its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions that you opted to include in the block.
4. The machine generates a predetermined amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math problem.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the block youve only entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and therefore are find this virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining due to the fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the computer system. But if you think about it, the mining component is just a by-product of the transaction confirmation procedure. Therefore that the name is somewhat misleading, since the main goal of mining would be to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for every block, a different miner will guess the number and also be granted the right to update the blockchain. Obviously, that the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed each time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, visite site crafted the principles for mining in a way that the further mining power the network gets, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining mathematics issue. Therefore that the difficulty of this mining method is actually self-adjusting to the gathered mining power the network owns. .
If more miners join, it is going to get harder to solve the issue; if many of them drop off, it will get easier. This is known as mining difficulty.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two cubes being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has created a type of arms race to get the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a great deal of miners on the market. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a couple of the only individuals mining Bitcoin back in the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was reduced. Since Bitcoin started to catch on, people looked for more powerful mining solutions.