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But how do you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them too much powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a Really creative manner I love to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In short, anyone who wants to participate in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do this. Whatever you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the system. Sounds simple, right
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Of course, this guessing is done by your PC. The stronger your computer is, the more supposes you can create in one second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to guess right, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the right guess, your mining program determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents your moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve generated, along with the solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its a bit much like a Rubiks cube: The solution is very tough to achieve but very easy to validate.
3. Each computer which validates your solution updates its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions you chose to include in the block.
4. The machine generates a predetermined amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them to you as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the cube youve just entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining due to the simple fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining part is just a by-product of the transaction confirmation process. So that the name is somewhat misleading, since the see here main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for every block, a different miner will guess the number and also be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Of read the article course, the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but due to the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed every time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a manner that the more mining power the network has, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining math problem. So that the difficulty of this mining process is actually self-adjusting to the gathered mining power the network owns. .
If more miners join, it is going to get harder to address the problem; when many of them fall off, it is going to get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two cubes being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has created a type of arms race to get the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners out there. In fact, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a few the only people mining Bitcoin back in the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining issue was low. Since Bitcoin started to catch on, people looked for more potent mining solutions.