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However, just how can you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to upgrade the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a very creative manner I love to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do so. Whatever you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds simple, right
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Obviously, this guessing is done by your PC. The more powerful your computer is, the further guesses you can create in one second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to guess correctly, you earn bitcoins and have to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the right guess, your mining program determines which of the current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents your moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with the solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can validate it. Its somewhat similar to some Rubiks cube: The solution is very tough to attain but very easy to validate.
3. Every computer that validates your solution upgrades its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger together with the transactions that you chose to include in the cube.
4. The system generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them to you as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the block youve just entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and therefore are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the simple fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from learn this here now the system. But if you think about it, the mining click for source part is just a by-product of the transaction confirmation process. Therefore the name is a bit misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for each block, a different miner will guess the number and be granted the right to update the blockchain. Of course, the miners with more computing power will succeed more often, but due to the law of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed every time. .
Now you know what Bitcoin mining is, you may be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a manner that the more mining energy the network gets, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining math issue. Therefore the difficulty of this mining method is actually self-adjusting to the gathered mining power the network owns. .
If more miners join, it will get more difficult to solve the issue; when many of them fall off, it is going to get easier. This is known as mining difficulty.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two cubes being added minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has created a sort of arms race to acquire the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners out there. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and his friend Hal Finney were a few the only individuals mining Bitcoin back in the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was reduced. As Bitcoin started to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.